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Global Supply Chain Management
Research the impact of global shipping and receiving at ports around the world since September 11, 2001. What policy has been added to this field? What laws have been changed? Describe best practices in global shipping and receiving at ports in your own words, supported by your research online.
STUDENT #1 RESPONSE:
Hello Class and Professor,
Since September 11, 2001 attack, the new group security measures have adopted to enhance the security apparatus. These measures include Bioterrorism Act, the C-TPAT, The advance electronic Information Manifest, the CSI, the MTSA and the ISPS code. In case of global shipping and receiving at ports, protection measures have been strengthened, which has increased the cost and time of physical goods. This international effort is referred as Trade Facilitation. According to WTO, TF encompasses simplification, standardization, harmonization and elimination of procedures while shipping and receiving the goods at ports. These procedures include legislation, guidelines, licenses, inspection, enforcement practices, etc. It is not the new issue in international trade agenda. Provisions like GATT deal with TF concept, Articles V, VII, and X of trade regulations were already present.
Some of the policies added after the attack are The advance Electronic Information Manifest, the Customs – Trade Partnership Against Terrorism, the Bioterrorism Act, the Container Security Initiative, etc. These are the measures that were adopted to improve the protection of the United States. Some of the best practices for shipping and receiving at ports are as follows:
Best Receiving practices –
1. Ensure that the receiving personnel are trained in proper receiving procedures.
2. Inspect shipments on delivery.
3. Check seals on the door of trailers, before opening.
4. Only the person receiving and inspecting the freight need to sign the report.
5. Report any concealed damage found within fifteen days of receipt.
6. Read and critique the carrier’s inspection report before signing.
Best Shipping practices –
1. Request the copy of tariffs before shipping.
2. Know the liability limits of the carrier before shipping.
3. Verify the identity of driver before loading.
4. Complete the bill of lading using correct classification descriptions.
5. Never permit the driver sign SLC unless he has signed for the sealed load.
6. Record seal number on the bill.
STUDENT #2 RESPONSE:
Prof and class,
Since September 11, 2001 global shipping and receiving at ports since then has had a great changes to improve the safety of shipping and receiving. According to an update by Ellis (2006), “Ports are a vital part of our nation’s transportation infrastructure and serve as international borders to nearly all U.S. overseas trade,” With cargo volumes projected to double by 2020 and cruise passenger embarkations rising an average of 8 percent a year, ports must be secure and able to handle America’s international commerce” (Ellis, Aaron, 2006. America Association of Port Authorities).
· According to the Coast Guard there have been some major accomplishments since 9/11 these are: Implemented the MTSA of 2002 and Spearheaded the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPFS) Code: The MTSA strengthened and standardized security measures at U.S. ports and authorized the creation of Coast Guard Maritime Safety and Security Teams. The ISPFS code requires all ships and ports engaging in international trade to submit port facility and ship security plans to their home government. The Coast Guard ensures all visiting foreign vessels have complied with the code requirements and examines those foreign vessels deemed high risk.
· Developed Area Maritime Security Committees: These committees comprise federal, state, local, and private authorities to enhance security efforts in approximately 50 major ports, of which AAPA U.S.-member ports participate.
· Increased Oversight of Vessel Security: Instituted the 96-Hour Advance Notice of Arrival rule for vessels, increased scrutiny of high interest vessels and accelerated international requirements for the Automatic Identification System to keep track of vessel movements.
· Implemented the International Port Security Program: Assessed the anti-terrorism measures of 140 U.S. trade partners, and identified and conducted additional port state control activities on vessels whose countries failed to implement requirements of the ISPFS Code.
· Completed Port Security Assessments: Created port security teams to assess 55 militarily and economically strategic ports and an additional six ports. Completed special assessments on several classes of vessels including ferries, LNG vessels, certain dangerous cargo barges and single skin tank vessels. Developed the port security risk assessment tool to assess and establish risk-based profiles.It seems that things have stepped up since 9/11 where screenings of cargo are inspected before even arriving in to the U.S. The ships manifest also has to be presented within 24 hours of cargo being loaded onto cargo ships. And there have been scanning technology that is able to scan cargo in the form of an x-ray type machine called CBP (Ellis, Aaron, 2006. America Association of Port Authorities).
America Association of Port Authorities, 2006. Retrieved from http://www.aapa-ports.org/Press/PRDetail.cfm?ItemNumber=1092