# accounting ratios

accounting ratios

1-  Gross profit percentage =  gross profit ÷  sales × 100%

2014:24,000 ÷64,000× 100% = 37.5%

2015:32,400 ÷108,000× 100% = 30%

2-  Current ratio = current asset ÷ current liabilities

2014:23,900 ÷14,200 = 1.68 : 1 times

2015:31,000 ÷20,400 = 1.52 : 1 times

3-  Quick  ratio = (current asset – inventories) ÷ current liabilities

2014:(23,900 –12,000) ÷14,200 = 0.84 : 1 times

2015:(31,000 –15,000) ÷20,400 =  0.78 : 1 times

4-  Debtors collection period = trade Debtors  ÷ credit sales × 365

2014:10,500 ÷64,000×365= 60 days

2015:14,000 ÷108,000× 365 = 47 days

5-  creditors payment period = trade creditors  ÷ *credit purchase × 365

2014:6,800 ÷*42,000 ×365= 59 days

2015:9,400 ÷*78,600× 365 = 44 days

*purchase = Cost of sales + (closing inventory – opining inventory)

2014: 40,000 + (12,000 – 10,000) = *42,000

2015:75,600 + (15,000 – 12,000) = *78,600

6-  Gearing ratio = debt ÷ ( debt + equity ) ×  100%

2014:60,000 ÷ (60,000  + 26,000 ) ×  100% = 70%

2015:  60,000 ÷ (60,000  + 49,000) ×  100% = 55%

• required :-  based on the above  accountin ratios , answer the following question ?

1- Explain what you can deduce from the ratios as at 31 December 2015 and

from comparing them with those for 2014. ( comment on accounting ratios )

2- State two points which could cause the movement in the gross profit

percentages between the two years and explain how they could bring the

3- State the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following and give